Dialysis works on the objective of the dispersion of solutes and ultrafiltration of liquid over a semi-penetrable layer. Diffusion is a property of substances in water substances in water have a habit of to move from a territory of high fixation to a range of low focus. The two primary types of dialysis, Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis eliminates wastes and water from the blood in numerous ways. Hemodialysis removes waste water by rotating blood outside the body through an external filter called a dialyzer that contains a semipermeable layer.
There is of types of dialysis they are:
1. Hemodialysis 2. Peritoneal dialysis.
Hemodialysis: Hemodialysis essential with the patients of renal failure. In this procedure of Hemodialysis, an artificial kidney purifies blood. We have to make an "access," usually in the forearm where blood can easily be taken from the body and directed to an artificial kidney for purification. The access collects blood from patient body and experiences purification in artificial kidney and again injected the purified blood in to patient body.
Peritoneal dialysis: In peritoneal dialysis no artificial kidney is used. The peritoneum (lining inside your abdomen) is used as a filter instead of an artificial kidney. Peritoneal dialysis is of two types they are continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis and constant ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is used in kidney failure patients.
- Peritoneal dialysis
- Pediatric dialysis
- Intestinal dialysis
- Vascular Access in Dialysis
- Complications of Dialysis