The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Nephrology is the study of the kidney and its functions and diseases related to functioning of the kidney, it also focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of Nephrological diseases. Nephrology also deals with the diagnosis and treatment of various kidney diseases, which specifically includes electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the care of those people who require a renal replacement therapy, which includes dialysis and renal transplant patients.
- Track 1-1Kidney Structure
- Track 1-2Kidney Functions
- Track 1-3Scope of Nephrology
- Track 1-4Nephrology and Therapeutics
Urology is the subbranch of medicine that deals with the study of specific surgical and medical diseases of the female and male’s urinary tract system. As the urinary tract and the reproductive tract are very closely linked to each other, so the disease affecting one of them will definitely affect the other as well.
- Track 2-1Endourology
- Track 2-2Laparoscopy
- Track 2-3Pediatric Urology
- Track 2-4Reconstructive urology
- Track 2-5Andrology
Pediatric nephrologists are those who diagnose, treat, and manage the specific disorders that affect the kidney and urinary tract ( kidney failure, high blood pressure, inherited kidney diseases, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and abnormalities in the urine such as blood and protein) in childhood glomerulonephritis.
- Track 3-1Cryptorchidism
- Track 3-2Acute Renal Failure
- Track 3-3Acute Kidney Injury
- Track 3-4Kidney diseases in Children
- Track 3-5Neonatal Acute kidney injury
There are various treatment option in Nephrology. Some of the treatment include, treatment through medications, treatment using blood products, treatment using some surgical methods, that specifically include, urological, vascular and surgical procedures, plasma exchange methods and renal replacement methods.
- Track 4-1Medications in Nephrology
- Track 4-2Renal Replacement Therapy
- Track 4-3Future aspects for treatment in Nephrology
- Track 4-4Surgical Options in Nephrology
- Track 4-5Urinalysis
Clinical Nephrology is the sub specialty of medicine that deals with the study of the functioning of the normal kidney, problems in kidney functioning, treatment of the abnormality in kidney functioning, renal transplantation and as well as kidney transplant methods.
- Track 5-1Experimental Nephrology
- Track 5-2Acute and Chronic Renal diseases
- Track 5-3Diabetic Nephropathy
- Track 5-4Dialysis
- Track 5-5Hemofiltration
Geriatric Nephrology is the subspecialty of Internal medicine that deals with the kidney diseases. Geriatric specifically means healthcare of the old person. Patients who live long can acquire diseases that may lead to some chronic kidney illness, which further could remain undetected for long period of time and could lead to dialysis.
- Track 6-1Aging
- Track 6-2Chronic Kidney Disease
- Track 6-3Diabetes
- Track 6-4Renal Senescence
- Track 6-5Care of Elderly patients
- Track 6-6Hypertension Management
Human beings have two kidney and are composed of nephrons, which filter the blood. Most of the diseases related to kidney affects these nephrons, thus hampering their function, and can cause various problems. Kidney diseases may occur due to various problems including diabetes, high blood pressure.
- Track 7-1Kidney stones
- Track 7-2Kidney stones
- Track 7-3Kidney failure
- Track 7-4Polycystic Kidney Diseases
- Track 7-5Cyst
- Track 7-6Acute kidney injury
- Track 7-7Acute kidney injury
Diet and nutrition both play an important role for proper living and making a kidney function properly. If the functioning of kidney will hamper due to some disease, it will also affect the nutrition intake of an individual. The major components which slows down the progression of chronic kidney diseases include, reduced level of sodium intake, which will help in controlling blood pressure and managing diabetes.
- Track 8-1Renal Dietetics
- Track 8-2Nutrition Evaluations
- Track 8-3Affect of Nutrition on Renal Disorders
- Track 8-4Amyloidosis
- Track 8-5Diabetes
- Track 8-6Digestion
Kidney stones are the deposits made up minerals and salts, which get formed inside the kidney itself. Kidney stones could affect any part of the urinary tract, from the kidneys to bladder. Some of the symptoms include pain on urination, Nausea, vomiting, persistent need to urinate. Imaging tests for detection of Kidney stones include, X-ray, known as, KUB view ( kidney, ureter, bladder).
- Track 9-1Abdominal aortic aneurysm
- Track 9-2Abdominal pain
- Track 9-3Analysis of kidney stones
- Track 9-4Appendicitis
- Track 9-5Appendicitis
- Track 9-6Appendicitis
- Track 9-7Bowel
Hemodialysis is the treatment for kidney failure diseases. It uses a machine to filter the blood outside our body. It is the process of purification of the blood of a person whose kidneys does not function properly. It can also be a choice for Renal replacement therapy for specific patients who require dialysis very acutely.
- Track 10-1Kidney failure
- Track 10-2Acute Renal failure
- Track 10-3Dialysis Machine
- Track 10-4Equipment and Procedures
- Track 10-5Anemia and Erythropoietin
Neurourology, is also known as Voiding Disorders. Voiding disorders includes problems in urinating, and can be common in both men and women. Voiding disorders includes the inability to urinate, that may include causes like irritation, obstruction and retention of urine.
- Track 11-1Disorders of Bladder related to spine injuries
- Track 11-2Voiding Disorders
- Track 11-3Urodynamics
- Track 11-4Assessment of Urological disorders
- Track 11-5Treatment of urological disorders
Female urology is the branch that deals with the urinary incontinence, The most common of theses conditions include, Urinary Incontinence ( Inability to control urination), Pelvic prolapse ( bladder drop) and Vaginal mesh complications ( muscle weakness of the pelvis). Female urological conditions could be treated surgically.
- Track 12-1Urinary Incontinence
- Track 12-2Urinary problem of Bladder and Vagina
- Track 12-3Urogynecology
- Track 12-4Kidney and Urethral Conditions
- Track 12-5Aesthetic conditions
Dialysis works on the diffusion of solutes and ultrafiltration of liquid over a semi-penetrable layer. . The two types of dialysis, Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis removes wastes and water from the blood in various ways.
Hemodialysis: Hemodialysis required with the patients of renal failure. In this process of Hemodialysis, an artificial kidney purifies blood. where blood can easily be taken from the body and directed to the artificial kidney for purification
Peritoneal dialysis: In peritoneal dialysis no artificial kidney is used. The peritoneum is used as a filter instead of artificial kidney. Peritoneal dialysis is of two types they are continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is used in kidney failure patients.
- Track 13-1Haemodialysis
- Track 13-2Peritoneal dialysis
- Track 13-3Pediatric dialysis
- Track 13-4Hemofiltration
- Track 13-5Hemodiafiltration
- Track 13-6Intestinal dialysis
Kidney transplantation is typically classified as deceased-donor or living-donor transplantation depending on the source of the donor organ.
Living-donor renal transplants are further characterized as genetically related (living-related) or non-related (living-unrelated) transplants, depending on whether a biological relationship exists between the donor and recipient.
- Track 14-1Kidney Transplantation recipients
- Track 14-2Living donors of kidney
- Track 14-3Renal replacement therapy
- Track 14-4Renal function in living kidney donors
- Track 14-5Kidney Biopsy
- Track 14-6Deceased donors
- Track 14-7Deceased donors
Kidney and Bladder stones is A branch of medicine which deals with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems & their treatment. Two types of kidney faiures. Acute kidney failure: Disfunction of the kidneys to filter the waste from the blood. . Acute tubular necrosis was death of the tubular epithelial of the renal tubules in the kidneys
- Track 15-1Calcium stones
- Track 15-2Uric Acid stones
- Track 15-3Struvite stones
- Track 15-4Cystine stones
- Track 15-5Xanthine stones
Tubulointerstitial is used to treat kidney diseases that consist of structures in the kidney outside the glomerulus. These diseases commonly involve tubules and/or the interstitium of the kidney and spare the glomeruli. Glomerular diseases are regularly associated with projecting tubulointerstitial variations in the scientific appearance is dominated by the consequences of glomerular damage.
- Track 16-1Interstitial nephritis
- Track 16-2Analgesic nephropathy
- Track 16-3Reflux nephropathy
- Track 16-4Pyelonephritis
- Track 16-5Urinary tuberculosis
- Track 16-6Light microscopy
Acute Kidney injury is an unexpected incident of kidney failure or kidney damage that occurs within a few hours or a few days. AKI causes a build-up of waste products in your blood and makes it tough for your kidneys to keep the right balance of fluid in your body. AKI can also distress other organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs. Acute kidney injury is common in patients who are in the hospital, in intensive care units, and especially in older adults.
- Track 17-1Prerenal Acute renal Failure
- Track 17-2Postrenal Acute renal Failure
- Track 17-3Acute Kidney Injuryâ€“ Experimental Models
- Track 17-4Intrinsic renal failure
- Track 17-5Tubular
- Track 17-6Vascular
Diabetic nephrology is typically defined as macroalbuminuria that is, a urinary albumin excretion of more than 300 mg in a 24-hour. Patients with all types of nephrology disease and hypertension. This incorporates kidney stones, chronic or acute nephrology diseases because of any resistant or secondary hypertension, unexplained proteinuria or hematuria, cystic nephrology infections, inherited kidney sicknesses, liquid and electrolyte homeostasis irregularities, pregnancy related to nephrology diseases, vascular kidney diseases, nephritic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, and others. High blood pressure occurs when the force of your blood against your artery walls increases enough to cause damage.
- Track 18-1Diabetic Microvascular Complications
- Track 18-2Diabetic Nephropathy
- Track 18-3Contrast Nephropathy
- Track 18-4Uric acid Nephropathy
Urinary Tract infections works as that your bladder and kidneys and the tubes that connect them. When germs get into the body they can cause an infection. Most of the urinary tract infections (are bladder infections. If you do not take care of a bladder infection, it can spread to your kidneys. A kidney infection is serious and can cause permanent damage to the body
- Track 19-1Urethritis
- Track 19-2Blood Vessel Disorders of The Kidneys
- Track 19-3Cancers of the Kidney and Genitourinary Tract
- Track 19-4Cystic Kidney Disorders
- Track 19-5Diagnosis of Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders
- Track 19-6Dialysis
Diabetic Nephropathy is Kidney disease or damage. Diabetic nephropathy is damage to the kidneys caused by diabetes. In severe cases it can also lead to kidney failure. The causes of diabetic nephropathy include high blood sugar, advanced glycation end product formation. The problem is tests that check for a protein called albumin in the urine. Urine does not usually contain protein. But in the early stages of kidney damage some protein may be found in the urine.
- Track 20-1Diabetes Mellitus
- Track 20-2Diabetic Nephropathy â€“ Biomarkers of Disease
- Track 20-3Intensive Management of Blood Glucose
- Track 20-4Genetics of Kidney Disease â€“Diabetic Kidney Disease
- Track 20-5Renal Hemodynamics and Vascular Physiology
- Track 20-6Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Glomerular Diseases caused by contamination or a medication that is harmful to your kidneys.. Kidneys have around one million tiny filter units called nephrons. Every nephron has a glomerulus, so that there are more than one million of them as well. More than one glomerulus is called glomeruli. Glomeruli help in removal of excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from your circulation system and pass them through the urine maintaining the stability of the body. Tubulo interstitial disease influencing the tubules in the kidneys, Renal vascular infections affecting the blood vessel networks inside the kidneys, Kidney failure that can be sudden or acute or long term or chronic, Kidney and bladder stones, Inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidneys leads to a state called Glomerulonephritis otherwise called glomerular nephritis . Albuminuria, haematuria, decreased glomerular filtration rate, hypoproteinemia, edema are the side effects of this disease.
End-stage kidney or renal disorder also called end-stage kidney disease, occurs when chronic kidney disease — the gradual loss of kidney function — reaches an advanced state. In end-stage renal disease, your kidneys are no longer able to work as they should to meet your body's needs. With end-stage renal disease, you need dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive. But you may also choose to forgo dialysis or transplant and opt for conservative care to manage your symptoms — aiming for the best quality of life possible during your remaining time.
- Track 22-1End-stage kidney or renal disorder
- Track 22-2Diabetes
- Track 22-3Hypertension
- Track 22-4Dementia
- Track 22-5African-American Descent
- Track 22-6Experiments& Models